Keywords: Peter Weiss, French Revolution, Paranoia, Jacques Lacan, Marat/ Sade, psychoanalysis The play, Marat/Sade is a philosophical exploration of. The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text MARQUIS DE SADE Sixty-eight years old, extremely corpu. Nov. Marat/Sade by Peter Weiss; 16 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Drama , German drama, Translations into English, Protected DAISY.
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Monologue. compnopfasasimp.ml Marat/Sade. Peter Weiss (Act 1, Scene 12). Marquis de Sade. Man has given a false importance to Death,. Adding to Nature's . Request PDF on ResearchGate | Weiss/Brook: Marat/Sade | Ask even a relatively well-informed person in Britain to name several works by Peter Weiss, and the. File MS, Box 8, Folder 6 - Marat Sade by Peter Weiss: [script]. Personal archives of David Renton · Scripts; Marat Sade by Peter Weiss: [script].
The only thing that animates him is the mention of death. Megalomania is a narcissistic streak of human nature. Thus Freud has positioned megalomania at the narcissistic level of sexuality. But according to Lacan this ego-love is frustrated.
This is because he has not been symbolized as a subject. The following quotes may help us to understand the problem better. A person who cannot recognize the Others as his true interlocutors and in whom an imaginary object has formed is a madman. And this ego evades him. In consequence, he is in constant quest for the object which he loves. In the next lines there is a certain echo of the famous Marxist view that religion is the opium for the poor. In reminding us of the bleeding Christ, he easily falls into the structure of the same picture.
You swim all huddled up Alone with your ideas about the world Which no longer fit the world outside. You wanted to meddle with reality. Now reality has you cornered.
The fact that he sees the poor as the sufferers of the same structure is a function of his projection. He is seeing himself as the savior for them. This reverse effect of the imaginary dimension foreshadows an encounter with the real — his narcissistic struggle with authority. The conversation between Marat and Sade is about life and death, about the achievements and the failures of the French Revolution and about God.
But there is no real communication. For Sade, as the Herald explains, the mime of the guillotine is a fact, a piece of history to be remembered but not repeated. But it excites Marat because for him it is repeatedly the same reality. It arouses the second speech of Marat. Not only Marat but the patients also get excited at the sight of the death-drama. He does not respond to changes in the society, to any contrivances to distract him or any therapeutic activity.
Thus he is like a typical paranoiac; he believes in his function as a revolutionary leader and at the same time does not understand why or how his revolutionary theories are not getting properly communicated to the masses. He is defying an authority, which he is incapable of shrugging off. This internal authority is his torturer.
The only action that animates Marat is the mention of death. But he never seems to fear his own death.
Thus it may be concluded that he desires death. Marat actually invites death by theorizing about the revolution. Corday is the symbol of death. She is advised to wait, for the time is not ripe yet. The time can only be ripe after the analysis. She stands as Sadean philosophy incarnated. A victim already knows that he is being victimized. Meanwhile he undergoes the Sadean analysis.
The analysis is that Marat has not received enough love from his parents. This no doubt suggests that Weiss is playing the Freudian interpreter of the cause of revolution. Sade has passed the stage of being a sadist and is now analyzing his own past and seeing Marat in that light. These two figures are struggling in the field of the signifier to give a name to their sense of revolution. In the guise of their quest for the resolution of their dilemma as to what is revolution, their own lack of a cause, the lack of a signifier is shown.
He is tearing at an empty cause to which he has given the name revolution. Coulmier remains almost an unrealized character who is unable to exercise any restraint or any influence on anybody in the play.
His shouts are unheard. The sequence of speeches after the mime of the guillotine shows how the authoritarian Coulmier is totally ineffective. But the Herald says by way of explanation that it is a fact, a piece of history to be remembered but not repeated. This is promptly followed by Sade saying that one should destroy with passion p This is how the presence of Coulmier remains irrelevant.
Madness and Freedom is another blended set of concepts examined in the construct Roux. Jacques Roux, one of the most disturbing elements in the presentation, was introduced at the beginning of the play as a radical socialist.
He has to be kept at bay, with his sleeves tied together so that he cannot do any damage as he has a tendency to jump onto the stage to speak. This is quite late in the play and it seems that he kept his patience that long, while the others were not less agitated.
From this it can be assumed that Roux has been temporarily aroused by the others, specially the Singers who are not talking about the nobles but the leaders who have now captured power. He is singled out from the patients as an important construct. This asks for a special emphasis on him.
There is a considerable difference between what arouses Roux and what he has pent up for so long. It may be observed that the Singers are speaking in the first person: It is not in the same group as the Singers.
The Singers are identifying themselves as the commoners, those who have been exploited by the gentry. Fifteen years after the new state has been established, they are still shouting the slogans of the Revolution. They have noticed that the gentry have already lost the battle, and now another group of exploiters is ruling.
They realize that they are not the ones who have won.
Roux sees himself as a leader. He is giving himself the status of a priest once again. That shows that he has been frustrated as a cleric in the first place, before turning against the system. The inherent tendency in Roux is to lead. His kind of zeal is not in favour of the people, but a thirst for a position of control over the masses.
Should we not say then that Roux is yet another freak who will ultimately never belong to the masses?
He actually demands destruction in these lines.: While Marat is speaking in civilized tones, Roux is violent and incoherent. We see once again that Roux is speaking with a voice different from the poor. He is also speaking against the churches with the suggestion that they do not teach anything worth learning but if they were turned into schools for the poor, people would be educated. Marat voices the ideologies of the French Revolution in the play, which rely totally on the concepts of essentialist truth.
However, in the descriptions of the Revolution included in the play it is revealed that the revolutionaries, in ridding their country of the upper classes, have also turned on one another. On several occasions, the patients of the hospital chant at Marat to give them their revolution and their freedom now. The fact that the revolutionaries did not see an immediate change in their circumstances and society led them to turn on one another.
However, Marat advocates this cleansing of the revolutionary forces. Clearly the motivating forces of the Revolution, which claim to be equality, brotherhood, and freedom, are not of as much concern as power and money.
The ideologies of the Revolution, therefore, are themselves undermined. The Director of Charenton, Coulmier, objects to the performance whenever he thinks that the ideologies of the Revolution are being advocated by Sade or when he believes the current political structure is being insulted or threatened. Coulmier insists that men are far more civilized, enlightened, and advanced than they were during the time of the Revolution. While the philosophy of Sade is closely aligned with the kind of moral and textual ambiguity developed in the play, even his ideas are undermined.