Edward de Bono's. SIX THINKING HATS. KS Mathew Dr. Edward de Bono. ▫ Traditional Thinking Author of 62 books in 47 languages. ▫ Originator of the. Edward de Bono studied at Christ Church, Oxford (as a Rhodes Scholar). He also holds a PhD from Cambridge and an MD from the University of Malta. He has. Edward de Bono has had faculty appointments at the universities of Oxford,. London . book is about lateral thinking which is the process of using information to.
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PDF | Edward de Bono's efforts as an advocate for lateral thinking and creative In book: Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy. Edward De Bono - De Bono's Thinking Course (BBC Books) - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online for free. Please note that the pagination of the online version will vary from the pagination of the print book. SAGE SAGE Reference [Page iv] Edward de.
You can instruct yourself to use a particular tool. You can ask someone else to use a particular tool.
You can suggest to a group that a particular tool be used. In a computer you might pull down a menu and then click on an item on that menu. In my researches and experiments I have again and again come across very intelligent people who turned out to be very poor thinkers. Nor have I found that thinking skill has much to do with education, for some of the best educated people Ph.
To regard thinking as a skill rather than as a gift is the first step towards doing something to improve that skill. See Practical Thinking Intelligence is like the horsepower of a car. Thinking is like the skill with which the car is driven.
Information is like the road map available to the driver. All Rights Reserved.
Please note that the pagination of the online version will vary from the pagination of the print book. SAGE SAGE Reference [Page iv] Edward de Bono is renowned for his criticism of logical, linear, and critical thinking and for his range of thinking techniques to facilitate potential creative abilities that emphasize thinking as a learnable skill and deliberate act.
He originated the concepts of lateral thinking literally sideways thinking and parallel thinking to distinguish the many techniques for deliberative creative thinking that he has developed from what he considers to be normal perceptions regarding creativity and innovation.
De Bono draws attention to traditional critical thinking as a judgmental and adversarial process and compares it with parallel thinking, which he claims emphasizes cooperative and coordinated thinking. In practice, each interlocutor takes a different position and points out contradictions to attack the other position in order to prove the other side wrong and, consequently, force a judgment. He does not deny a place for the Socratic method but rather argues that it has deep-seated inadequacies no longer able to deal with the kind of radical change that has become a feature of the modern world.
It is not so much the search for truth that is required for the increasing complexity of contemporary societies but the development of creative and more effective approaches to problem solving.
His most notable technique, lateral thinking, aims at restructuring thought patterns from which new combinations can arise.
De Bono assumes that lateral thinking is the basis of insight and creativity because it is for changing concepts and perceptions and, therefore, is most effective prior to the use of traditional methods of vertical or logical thinking. Its value lies especially in problem solving since it generates alternatives, challenges previously held assumptions, and develops innovative thinking.
He argues that thinking can be more effective through direct teaching of thinking as a skill rather than through resisting habitual thinking patterns. In doing so, de Bono makes a distinction between thinking and intelligence and places emphasis on the development of metacognitive thinking skills. The latter can function only when there is something to react against; it does nothing to produce proposals.
Deliberate creative thinking, on the other hand, focuses attention on what he calls mapmaking—a type of thinking that requires a certain detachment.
It uses strategies, called attention-directing tools or devices for generating ideas, to direct the attention of students to aspects of situations that might have otherwise been neglected before they make decisions.
The main aim of the CoRT thinking lessons is to improve planning and decision making. By employing the attention-directing tools of CoRT, students apply the skill of operacy, a term coined by de Bono to describe action thinking, which he maintains ranks alongside literacy and numeracy. Another use of attention-directing tools is the Six Thinking Hats that de Bono designed for teaching structured parallel thinking with groups of participants.
The Six Hats supposedly represent every basic type of thinking.
Each hat has a different color that provides the name for the hat as well as its related function. The white hat suggests neutrality and objectivity.
The red hat deals with emotional views, feelings, hunches, and intuitions. The yellow hat covers hope and positive thinking.